IMGT®, the international ImMunoGeneTics information system®

logo IMGT

Citing IMGT®, the international ImMunoGeneTics information system®

  • Lefranc M-P, Giudicelli V, Duroux P, Jabado-Michaloud J, Folch G, Aouinti S, Carillon E, Duvergey H, Houles A, Paysan-Lafosse T, Hadi-Saljoqi S, Sasorith S, Lefranc G, Kossida S.
    IMGT®, the international ImMunoGeneTics information system® 25 years on.
    Nucleic Acids Res. 2015 Jan;43(Database issue):D413-D422. Epub 2014 Nov 5. DOI:10.1093/nar/gku1056. PMID:25378316. Free article. LIGM:441.
  • Lefranc, M.-P.,
    Immunoglobulin (IG) and T cell receptor genes (TR): IMGT® and the birth and rise of immunoinformatics.
    Front Immunol. 2014 Feb 05;5:22. DOI:10.3389/fimmu.2014.00022. Open access. PMID:24600447. LIGM:429.

Citing IMGT databases and tools (general)

  • Lefranc, M.-P.,
    IMGT, the International ImMunoGeneTics Information System
    Cold Spring Harb Protoc. 2011 Jun 1;2011(6). pii: pdb.top115. DOI:10.1101/pdb.top115. PMID:21632786. LIGM:382. IMGT booklet pdficon (high resolution) pdficon (low resolution) (with generous provision from Cold Spring Harbor (CSH) Protocols).
  • Lefranc, M.-P., Giudicelli, V., Ginestoux, C., Jabado-Michaloud, J., Folch, G., Bellahcene, F., Wu, Y., Gemrot, E., Brochet, X., Lane, J., Regnier, L., Ehrenmann, F., Lefranc, G. and Duroux, P.
    IMGT®, the international ImMunoGeneTics information system®
    Nucl. Acids Res., 37:D1006-D1012 (2009). DOI:10.1093/nar/gkn838. PMID:18978023. pdf LIGM:349.
  • Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT®, the international ImMunoGeneTics information system® for immunoinformatics. Methods for querying IMGT® databases, tools and Web resources in the context of immunoinformatics.
    Mol. Biotechnol., 40:101-111 (2008). Epub 2008 May 8. PMID:18463990
  • Lefranc, M.-P., Giudicelli, V., Kaas, Q., Duprat, E., Jabado-Michaloud, J., Scaviner, D., Ginestoux, C., Clément, O., Chaume, D., Lefranc, G.
    IMGT, the international ImMunoGeneTics information system®
    Nucleic Acids Res., 33, D593-597 (2005). DOI:10.1093/nar/gki065. PMID:15608269. Full text. pdf
  • Lefranc, M.-P., Clément, O., Kaas, Q., Duprat, E., Chastellan, P., Coelho, I., Combres, K., Ginestoux, C., Giudicelli, V., Chaume, D. and Lefranc, G.
    IMGT-Choreography for Immunogenetics and Immunoinformatics
    In Silico Biology, 5, 45-60 (2005). Epub 2005, 5, 0006, 24 Dec 2004. PMID:15972004 pdf
  • Lefranc, M.-P., Giudicelli, V., Ginestoux, C., Bosc, N., Folch, G., Guiraudou, D., Jabado-Michaloud, J., Magris, S., Scaviner, D., Thouvenin, V., Combres, K., Girod, D., Jeanjean, S., Protat, C., Yousfi Monod, M., Duprat, E., Kaas, Q., Pommié, C., Chaume, D. and Lefranc, G.
    IMGT-ONTOLOGY for Immunogenetics and Immunoinformatics.
    In Silico Biol. 4, 0004. Epub http://www.bioinfo.de/isb/2003/04/0004, November 2003. In Silico Biology, 4:17-29 (2004). PMID:15089751.
  • Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT-ONTOLOGY and IMGT databases, tools and web resources for immunogenetics and immunoinformatics
    Molecul. Immunol., 40:647-659 (2004). PMID:14644091.
  • Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT® databases, web resources and tools for immunoglobulin and T cell receptor sequence analysis, http://www.imgt.org
    Leukemia, 17:260-266 (2003). PMID:12529691.
  • Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT, the international ImMunoGeneTics database®
    Nucleic Acids Res., 31, D307-310 (2003). DOI:10.1093/nar/gkg085. PMID:12520009. pdf
  • Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT, the international ImMunoGeneTics database
    Nucleic Acids Res., 29, D207-209 (2001). DOI:10.1093/nar/29.1.207. PMID:11125093. pdf
  • Ruiz, M., Giudicelli, V., Ginestoux, C., Stoehr, P., Robinson, J., Bodmer, J., Marsh, S., Bontrop, R., Lemaitre, M., Lefranc, G., Chaume, D. and Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT, the international ImMunoGeneTics database
    Nucleic Acids Res., 28, D219-221 (2000). DOI:10.1093/nar/28.1.219. PMID:10592230. pdf
  • Lefranc, M.-P., Giudicelli, V., Ginestoux, C., Bodmer, J., Müller, W., Bontrop, R., Lemaitre, M., Malik, A., Barbié, V. and Chaume, D.
    IMGT, the international ImMunoGeneTics database
    Nucleic Acids Res., 27, D209-212 (1999). DOI:10.1093/nar/27.1.209. PMID:9847182. pdf

Citing IMGT overviews

Citing IMGT overview on immunoglobulin (IG) genes

Citing IMGT overview on T cell receptor (TR) genes

Citing IMGT overviews on IG and TR genes per locus

Citing IMGT-ONTOLOGY

  • Giudicelli, V. and Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT-ONTOLOGY 2012
    Frontiers in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Online access. Front. Genet. 2012; 3:79. Epub 2012 May 23. PMID:22654892.
  • Duroux, P., Kaas, Q., Brochet, X., Lane, J., Ginestoux, C., Lefranc, M.-P. and Giudicelli, V
    IMGT-Kaleidoscope, the Formal IMGT-ONTOLOGY paradigm
    Biochimie, 90:570-583 (2008). Epub 2007 Sep11. PMID:17949886.
  • Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT-ONTOLOGY and IMGT databases, tools and web resources for immunogenetics and immunoinformatics
    Mol. Immunol., 40:647-660 (2004). PMID:14644091. pdf
  • Giudicelli, V. and Lefranc, M.-P.
    Ontology for Immunogenetics: IMGT-ONTOLOGY
    Bioinformatics, 15:1047-1054 (1999). PMID:10745995.
  • Lefranc, M.-P.
    From IMGT-ONTOLOGY CLASSIFICATION Axiom to IMGT Standardized Gene and Allele Nomenclature: For Immunoglobulins (IG) and T Cell Receptors (TR)
    Cold Spring Harb Protoc. 2011 Jun 1;2011(6). pii: pdb.ip84. DOI:10.1101/pdb.ip84. PMID:21632790.
    IMGT booklet pdficon (high resolution) pdficon (low resolution) (with generous provision from Cold Spring Harbor (CSH) Protocols).
  • Lefranc, M.-P.
    From IMGT-ONTOLOGY DESCRIPTION Axiom to IMGT Standardized Labels: For Immunoglobulin (IG) and T Cell Receptor (TR) Sequences and Structures
    Cold Spring Harb Protoc. 2011 Jun 1;2011(6). pii: pdb.ip83. DOI:10.1101/pdb.ip83. PMID:21632791.
    IMGT booklet pdficon (high resolution) pdficon (low resolution) (with generous provision from Cold Spring Harbor (CSH) Protocols).
  • Lefranc, M.-P.
    From IMGT-ONTOLOGY IDENTIFICATION Axiom to IMGT Standardized Keywords: For Immunoglobulins (IG), T Cell Receptors (TR), and Conventional Genes
    Cold Spring Harb Protoc. 2011 Jun 1;2011(6). pii: pdb.ip82. DOI:10.1101/pdb.ip82. PMID:21632792
    IMGT booklet pdficon (high resolution) pdficon (low resolution) (with generous provision from Cold Spring Harbor (CSH) Protocols).

Citing IMGT Scientific chart

Citing the IMGT unique numbering (princeps papers)

  • Lefranc, M.-P.
    Unique database numbering system for immunogenetic analysis.
    Immunology Today, 18:509 (1997). DOI:10.1016/s0167-5699(97)01163-8. PMID:9386342
  • Lefranc, M.-P.
    The IMGT unique numbering for Immunoglobulins, T cell receptors and Ig-like domains.
    The Immunologist, 7:132-136 (1999).
  • Lefranc, M.-P. IMGT Unique Numbering for the Variable (V), Constant (C), and Groove (G) Domains of IG, TR, MH, IgSF, and MhSF.
    Cold Spring Harb Protoc. 2011 Jun 1;2011(6). pii: pdb.ip85. DOI:10.1101/pdb.ip85. PMID:21632789
    IMGT booklet pdficon (high resolution) pdficon (low resolution) (with generous provision from Cold Spring Harbor (CSH) Protocols).
  • Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT Collier de Perles for the Variable (V), Constant (C), and Groove (G) Domains of IG, TR, MH, IgSF, and MhSF.
    Cold Spring Harb Protoc. 2011 Jun 1;2011(6). pii: pdb.ip86. DOI:10.1101/pdb.ip86. PMID:21632788.
    IMGT booklet pdficon (high resolution) pdficon (low resolution) (with generous provision from Cold Spring Harbor (CSH) Protocols).

Citing the IMGT unique numbering for V-DOMAIN and V-LIKE-DOMAIN

  • Lefranc, M.-P., Pommié, C., Ruiz, M., Giudicelli, V., Foulquier, E., Truong, L., Thouvenin-Contet, V. and Lefranc, G.
    IMGT unique numbering for immunoglobulin and T cell receptor variable domains and Ig superfamily V-like domains
    Dev. Comp. Immunol., 27(1):55-77 (2003). DOI:10.1016/s0145-305x(02)00039-3. PMID:12477501. pdf.

Citing the IMGT unique numbering for C-DOMAIN and C-LIKE-DOMAIN

  • Lefranc M.-P., Pommié C., Kaas Q., Duprat E., Bosc N., Guiraudou D., Jean C., Ruiz M., Da Piedade I., Rouard M., Foulquier E., Thouvenin V. and Lefranc G.
    IMGT unique numbering for immunoglobulin and T cell receptor constant domains and Ig superfamily C-like domains
    Dev. Comp. Immunol., 29(3):185-203 (2005). DOI:10.1016/j.dci.2004.07.003. PMID:15572068. pdf.

Citing the IMGT unique numbering for G-DOMAIN and G-LIKE-DOMAIN

  • Lefranc M.-P., Duprat E., Kaas Q., Tranne M., Thiriot A. and Lefranc G.
    IMGT unique numbering for MHC groove G-DOMAIN and MHC superfamily (MhcSF) G-LIKE-DOMAIN
    Dev. Comp. Immunol., 29(11):917-938 (2005). DOI:10.1016/j.dci.2005.03.003. PMID:15936075. pdf.

Citing IMGT reference profiles for amino acid properties

  • Pommié, C., Levadoux, S., Sabatier, R., Lefranc, G. and Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT standardized criteria for statistical analysis of immunoglobulin V-REGION amino acid properties.
    Journal of Molecular Recognition, 17(1):17-32 (2004). DOI:10.1002/jmr.647. PMID:14872534.

Citing standardization of T cell receptor/peptide/MHC contact sites

  • Kaas, Q., Duprat, E., Tourneur, G. and Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT standardization for molecular characterization of the T cell receptor/peptide/MHC complexes
    In: Immunoinformatics (Schoenbach C., Ranganathan S. and Brusic V. eds.), Immunomics Reviews, Series of Springer Science and Business Media LLC, Springer, New York, USA chap. 2, pp.19-49 (2008).
  • Kaas Q. and Lefranc M.-P.
    T cell receptor/peptide/MHC molecular characterization and standardized pMHC contact sites in IMGT/3Dstructure-DB.
    In Silico Biology, 5(5-6):505-528 (2005), 20 October 2005. PMID:16268793. Abstract.

Citing WHO/IUIS Nomenclature Subcommittee reports

  • Lefranc, M.-P.
    WHO-IUIS Nomenclature Subcommittee for immunoglobulins and T cell receptors report: August 2007, 13th International Congress of Immunology, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Dev. Comp. Immunol., 32:461-463 (2008). Epub 2007 Nov6. DOI:10.1016/j.dci.2007.09.008. PMID:18036660. pdf with permission from Elsevier
  • Lefranc, M.-P.
    WHO-IUIS Nomenclature Subcommittee for Immunoglobulins and T cell receptors report.
    Immunogenetics, 59:899-902 (2007). Epub 2007 Nov29. DOI:10.1007/s00251-007-0260-4. PMID:18046549.

Citing IMGT databases

Citing IMGT/LIGM-DB

  • Giudicelli, V., Duroux, P., Ginestoux, C., Folch, G., Jabado-Michaloud, J., Chaume, D. and Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT/LIGM-DB, the IMGT® comprehensive database of immunoglobulin and T cell receptor nucleotide sequences.
    Nucl. Acids Res., 34(S1):D781-D784 (2006). DOI:10.1093/nar/gkj088. PMID:16381979. pdf.

Citing IMGT/GENE-DB

  • Giudicelli V., Chaume D. and Lefranc M.-P.
    IMGT/GENE-DB: a comprehensive database for human and mouse immunoglobulin and T cell receptor genes
    Nucl. Acids Res., 33(S1):D256-D261 (2005). DOI:10.1093/nar/gki010. PMID:15608191. pdf.

Citing IMGT/3Dstructure-DB

  • Kaas, Q., Ruiz, M. and Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT/3Dstructure-DB and IMGT/StructuralQuery, a database and a tool for immunoglobulin, T cell receptor and MHC structural data
    Nucl. Acids Res., 32(S1):D208-D210 (2004). DOI:10.1093/nar/gkh042. PMID:14681396.
  • Ehrenmann, F., Kaas, Q. and Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT/3Dstructure-DB and IMGT/DomainGapAlign: a database and a tool for immunoglobulins or antibodies, T cell receptors, MHC, IgSF and MhcSF.
    Nucl. Acids Res., 38(S1):D301-D307 (2010). Epub 2009 Nov 9; DOI:10.1093/nar/gkp946. PMID:19900967. pdf LIGM:361
  • Ehrenmann, F., Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT/3Dstructure-DB: Querying the IMGT Database for 3D Structures in Immunology and Immunoinformatics (IG or Antibodies, TR, MH, RPI, and FPIA)
    Cold Spring Harb Protoc., 2011(6):750-761 (2011). DOI:10.1101/pdb.prot5637. PMID:21632774.
    IMGT booklet pdficon (high resolution) pdficon (low resolution) (with generous provision from Cold Spring Harbor (CSH) Protocols).

Citing IMGT tools

Citing IMGT/V-QUEST

  • Brochet, X., Lefranc, M.-P. and Giudicelli, V.
    IMGT/V-QUEST: the highly customized and integrated system for IG and TR standardized V-J and V-D-J sequence analysis.
    Nucl. Acids Res., 36(S2):W503-W508 (2008). DOI:10.1093/nar/gkn316. PMID:18503082.
  • Giudicelli, V., Brochet, X., Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT/V-QUEST: IMGT Standardized Analysis of the Immunoglobulin (IG) and T Cell Receptor (TR) Nucleotide Sequences.
    Cold Spring Harb Protoc. 2011 Jun 1;2011(6). pii: pdb.prot5633. DOI:10.1101/pdb.prot5633. PMID:21632778.
    IMGT booklet pdficon (high resolution) pdficon (low resolution) (with generous provision from Cold Spring Harbor (CSH) Protocols).

Citing IMGT/HighV-QUEST

  • Alamyar, E., Giudicelli, V., Shuo, L., Duroux, P. and Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT/HighV-QUEST: the IMGT® web portal for immunoglobulin (IG) or antibody and T cell receptor (TR) analysis from NGS high throughput and deep sequencing.
    Immunome Res. 2012, April 20;8:1:2. PMID:22647994. pdf LIGM:400
  • Alamyar, E., Duroux, P., Lefranc, M.-P. and Giudicelli, V.
    IMGT tools for the nucleotide analysis of immunoglobulin (IG) and T cell receptor (TR) V-(D)-J repertoires, polymorphisms, and IG mutations: IMGT/V-QUEST and IMGT HighV-QUEST for NGS.
    In: B. Tait and F. Christiansen (Eds.), Immunogenetics, chap 32, Humana Press, Springer, New York, USA. Methods Mol. Biol., 882:569-604 (2012). DOI:10.1007/978-1-61779-842-9_32. PMID:22665256. LIGM:404.

Citing IMGT/JunctionAnalysis

  • Yousfi Monod M., Giudicelli V., Chaume D. and Lefranc M.-P.
    IMGT/JunctionAnalysis : the first tool for the analysis of the immunoglobulin and T cell receptor complex V-J and V-D-J JUNCTIONs.
    Bioinformatics, 20:I379-I385 (2004). DOI:10.1093/bioinformatics/bth945. PMID:15262823.
  • Giudicelli, V., Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT/JunctionAnalysis: IMGT Standardized Analysis of the V-J and V-D-J Junctions of the Rearranged Immunoglobulins (IG) and T Cell Receptors (TR).
    Cold Spring Harb Protoc. 2011 Jun 1;2011(6). pii: pdb.prot5634. DOI:10.1101/pdb.prot5634. PMID:21632777.
    IMGT booklet pdficon (high resolution) pdficon (low resolution) (with generous provision from Cold Spring Harbor (CSH) Protocols).

Citing IMGT/PhyloGene

  • Elemento, O. and Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT/PhyloGene: an online software package for phylogenetic analysis of immunoglobulin and T cell receptor genes.
    Dev. Comp. Immunol., 27:763-779 (2003). DOI:10.1016/s0145-305x(03)00078-8. PMID:12818634.

Citing IMGT/GeneInfo

  • Baum, T.P., Hierle, V., Pascal, N., Bellahcene, F., Chaume, D., Lefranc, M.-P., Jouvin-Marche, E., Marche, P.N. and Demongeot, J.
    IMGT/GeneInfo: T cell receptor gamma TRG and delta TRD genes in database give access to all TR potential V(D)J recombinations.
    BMC Bioinformatics, 7, 224 (2006). DOI:10.1186/1471-2105-7-224. PMID:16640788. pdf

Citing IMGT/StructuralQuery

  • Kaas, Q., Ruiz, M. and Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT/3Dstructure-DB and IMGT/StructuralQuery, a database and a tool for immunoglobulin, T cell receptor and MHC structural data
    Nucl. Acids Res., 32(S1):D208-D210 (2004). DOI:10.1093/nar/gkh042. PMID:14681396.

Citing IMGT/Colliers-de-Perles

  • Ehrenmann, F., Giudicelli., V, Duroux, P., Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT/Collier de Perles: IMGT Standardized Representation of Domains (IG, TR, and IgSF Variable and Constant Domains, MH and MhSF Groove Domains)
    Cold Spring Harb Protoc., 2011(6):726-736 (2011). DOI:10.1101/pdb.prot5635. PMID:21632776.
    IMGT booklet pdficon (high resolution) pdficon (low resolution) (with generous provision from Cold Spring Harbor (CSH) Protocols).

Citing IMGT/DomainGapAlign

  • Ehrenmann, F., Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT/DomainGapAlign: IMGT Standardized Analysis of Amino Acid Sequences of Variable, Constant, and Groove Domains (IG, TR, MH, IgSF, MhSF)
    Cold Spring Harb Protoc., 2011(6):737-749 (2011). DOI:10.1101/pdb.prot5636. PMID:21632775.
    IMGT booklet pdficon (high resolution) pdficon (low resolution) (with generous provision from Cold Spring Harbor (CSH) Protocols).

Citing IMGT Repertoire

Citing IMGT Repertoire

  • Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT®, the international ImMunoGeneTics database.
    Nucl. Acids Res., 29(1):207-209 (2001). DOI:10.1093/nar/29.1.207. PMID:11125093.

Citing IMGT Protein displays

  • Scaviner, D., Barbié, V., Ruiz, M. and Lefranc, M.-P.
    Protein displays of the human immunoglobulin heavy, kappa and lambda variable and joining regions.
    Exp. Clin. Immunogenet., 16:234-240 (1999). DOI:10.1159/000019115. PMID:10575277.

Citing IMGT Colliers de Perles

  • Ruiz, M. and Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT gene identification and Colliers de Perles of human immunoglobulins with known 3D structures.
    Immunogenetics, 53:857-883 (2002). DOI:10.1007/s00251-001-0408-6. PMID:11862387.
  • Kaas, Q. and Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT Colliers de Perles: standardized sequence-structure representations of the IgSF and MhcSF superfamily domains.
    Current Bioinformatics, 2:21-30 (2007). DOI:10.2174/157489307779314302. pdf
  • Kaas, Q., Ehrenmann, F. and Lefranc, M.-P. IG, TR and IgSF, MHC and MhcSF: what do we learn from the IMGT Colliers de Perles? Brief. Funct. Genomic Proteomic, 6(4):253-264 (2007). DOI:10.1093/bfgp/elm032. PMID:18208865. pdf

Citing IMGT Repertoire individual page

  • Author name(s) followed by editor name(s) if present.
    Title of the IMGT Repertoire page, IMGT Repertoire. IMGT®, the international ImMunoGenetics information system® http://www.imgt.org. Created: DD/MM/YYYY. Version (corresponds to Last updated): DD/MM/YYYY.

Examples:

  • Martinez-Jean C. and Bosc N.
    Gene tables: Human IGHC, IMGT Repertoire. IMGT®, the international ImMunoGenetics information system® http://www.imgt.org.
    Created: 08/01/1999. Version: 19/06/2003.
  • Lefranc G., Lefranc M.-P and Jeanjean S.
    Allotypes: Human IGKC, IMGT Repertoire. IMGT®, the international ImMunoGenetics information system® http://www.imgt.org.
    Created: 13/05/2003. Version: 22/07/2004.

When citing IMGT Repertoire, the Nuclear Acids Research reference in (1) should also be quoted.

Citing IMGT-ML

  • Chaume, D., Giudicelli, V. and Lefranc, M.-P.
    IMGT-ML a XML language for IMGT-ONTOLOGY and IMGT/LIGM-DB data
    In: CORBA and XML: Towards a Bioinformatics Integrated Network Environment, Proceedings of NETTAB 2001 (Genoa, Italy, May 17-18, 2001). Network Tools and Applications in Biology, pp 71-75 (2001).
  • Chaume D., Giudicelli V., Combres K., Ginestoux C. and Lefranc M.-P.
    IMGT-Choreography: processing of complex immunogenetics knowledge.
    CMSB 2004 Computational Methods in Systems Biology (Paris, France, May 26-28, 2004). Lecture Notes in BioInformatics LNBI, Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg, pp 73-84 (2005). DOI:10.1007/978-3-540-25974-9_7. ISBN:3-540-25375-0.

Citing IMGT-Choreography

Lefranc, M.-P., Clément, O., Kaas, Q., Duprat, E., Chastellan, P., Coelho, I., Combres, K., Ginestoux, C., Giudicelli, V., Chaume, D. and Lefranc, G.
IMGT-Choreography for Immunogenetics and Immunoinformatics.
In Silico Biology, 5(1):45-60 (2005). Epub 2005, 5, 0006, 24 Dec 2004 Abstract. PMID:15972004. pdf